Information on Alaskan Projectiles

Arrow, Dart, Harpoon, and Lance's

Most of these pages are still drafts

The various artifacts and projectiles depicted on this, and the following pages, are from the Western Coastal through the Northern Arctic Regions of Alaska, including portions of the  Northern Interior. Then, Southwards into the Alaskan Peninsula to Chignik Lake (Aleutian Peninsula) and then hopping over to Unalaska Island and other sites along the  Aleutian Islands


These regions represented include: 

St. Lawrence Island and surrounding Punuk Islands.

Nunivak Island, North to the area surrounding Norton Bay  (Cape Denbigh).

St. Michael, Unalakleet to Nome, Teller and Wales.

Kotzebue Bay (Kotzebue and Cape Krusenstern) to Point Hope,

Cape Lisburne to Point Barrow.

Chignik Lake, Dutch Harbor, Sheyma, and the Western Aleutian Islands





Inuit flint flaking tool with 5-7/8” long channeled antler handle and an accompanying 4-3/4” long antler rod.

Ex: F. Adrian Goodbrod (1894-1962)

F. A. Goodbrod (1894-1962), a mineralogist who operated the “Museum of the Past” gift shop and museum in

 Lava Hot Springs, Idaho, from 1957 until his death. Goodbrod acquired most of his Eskimo artifacts between 1947 and 1953 through purchases from Alaskan natives, including Rex Tuzroyluk of Point Hope and Lawrence Kulukhon of Gambell.





Eskimo Prehistory In The Vicinity  of Point Barrow, ALASKA 

James A. Ford

Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History
NEW YORK: 1959

Ninth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology

to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution





Photographs of Eskimo Bow Hunters Flint Arrow Points form the Eskimo of Northwestern Alaska (PDF)



Alaskan Statement of Provenance & Authentication



Chert Harpoon and Arrow Tips: Lanceolate, Auriculate Forms, Leaf.


Stemmed Types Corner,  Tapered, Side Notched Arrow Tips


Bone and Ivory Deer Points


Denbigh Flint Complex (Kayuk and Variants)

Similar to the (Yuma) and Northern Plains First View


Harpoons and Thrusting Lances


Obscure Alaskan Projectiles:

Palisades, Hungry Fox, Ekseavik, Thule


Non Classified Projectiles





Bear Points and Variants



"Bear" Points and variants will deviate from under 2" to upwards to 4".

Flaking style, the smaller points generally have to some degree horizontal transverse, the lack of it may be due to re-sharpening. The larger projectiles, it is quite common to see horizontal transverse flaking with a good median ridge. I've seen some that are randomly flaked though it's not very common. A few near the shoulder you may see a slight upwards curvature, this may be due to re-sharpening, and may be knife a form.

Stems are usually parallel sided, occasionally they may be tapered.

Bases are primarily square, may be rounded, or irregular (snapped).

Some may still exhibit a platform




Cultural affiliation: Old Bering Sea to Birnirk 3000 - 1500 B.P.

On mainland Alaska this Projectile may date back to 5-6000 BP.

The dating of this point on St. Lawrence Island has been difficult to do.

The Yupuks /Eskimo have maintained subsistence digging for at least 300+ years and have almost obliterated the archaeological record of their Island. 


These points were normally inserted into a bone, antler or ivory shaft and were used in hunting Bear, Walrus, Seals, Caribou plus other large animals. Tribal warfare was also common. Some of these Artifacts were excavated by the local inhabitants of Teller, St. Lawrence Island. During the 1930's through 1990's many sites were excavated and the material, mostly ivory, that was found was sold to Non-Native Buyers. Mr. Hunter told me that the local natives would dig everything and then line up at buying/selling stations and sell everything. Many thousands of pounds of fossilized Ivory came from these sites. Unfortunately this type of non-scientific digging lead to the destruction of many fine potential Archaeological sites.


Bifurcated Bea













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